Technology & Engineering

Heterosis and Hybrid Seed Production in Agronomic Crops

Heterosis and Hybrid Seed Production in Agronomic Crops

Author: Amarjit Basra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1560228768

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 269

View: 560

Heterosis and Hybrid Seed Production in Agronomic Crops discusses how heterosis or “hybrid vigor” has played a major role in improving crop productivity and quality in order to feed the ever-increasing human population, particularly in developing countries. Plant breeders, agronomists, seed producers, and farmers will discover why the development of hybrids in the world's major food crops and why the methods of hybrid seed production are critical for achieving this goal. This landmark book deals with heterosis and hybrid seed production of major agronomic crops such as wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, cotton, sunflower, and rapeseed. Through Heterosis and Hybrid Seed Production in Agronomic Crops, you will discover valuable information on hybrid seed production methods that is not available in any other single volume. This unique book contains relevant and essential information about important procedures to help increase crop yield, including: methods for deriving second cycle inbred lines for hybrid maize possibilities for hybrid seed production in wheat techniques of hybrid sorghum seed production production of hybrid seeds using male sterile lines of cotton agronomic management in seed production plots of sunflower seed production technology of hybrid rapeseed advances in hybrid seed production technology of rice in China Heterosis and Hybrid Seed Production in Agronomic Crops gives you a global perspective on essential food crops in all parts of the world. This informative guide will help you use hybrid seed production methods with important agricultural crops and increase the quality of these vital and essential food sources.
Technology & Engineering

Agronomic Crops

Agronomic Crops

Author: Mirza Hasanuzzaman

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813291515

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 710

View: 298

Agronomic crops have been used to provide foods, beverages, fodders, fuels, medicines and industrial raw materials since the dawn of human civilization. Today, agronomic crops are being cultivated by employing scientific methods instead of traditional methods. However, in the current era of climate change, agronomic crops are subjected to various environmental stresses, which results in substantial yield loss. To meet the food demands of the ever-increasing global population, new technologies and management practices are being adopted to boost yield and maintain productivity under both normal and adverse conditions. Scientists are now exploring a variety of approaches to the sustainable production of agronomic crops, including varietal development, soil management, nutrient and water management, pest management, etc. Researchers have also made remarkable progress in developing stress tolerance in crops through different approaches. However, achieving optimal production to meet the increasing food demand is an open challenge. Although there have been numerous publications on the above-mentioned problems, and despite the extensive research being conducted on them, there is hardly any comprehensive book available. In response, this book offers a timely resource, addressing all aspects of production technologies, management practices and stress tolerance in agronomic crops in a single volume.
Science

The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants

The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants

Author: Nand Kumar Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420075113

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 250

Put Theory into Practice Scarcity of natural resources, higher costs, higher demand, and concerns about environmental pollution- under these circumstances, improving food supply worldwide with adequate quantity and quality is fundamental. Based on the author's more than forty years of experience, The Use of Nutrients in Crop Plants
Science

Transgenic Horticultural Crops

Transgenic Horticultural Crops

Author: Beiquan Mou

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420093797

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 591

As the world debates the risks and benefits of plant biotechnology, the proportion of the global area of transgenic field crops has increased every year, and the safety and value continues to be demonstrated. Yet, despite the success of transgenic field crops, the commercialization of transgenic horticultural crops (vegetables, fruits, nuts, and or
Science

Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops

Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops

Author: Alessandra Francini

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039217519

Category: Science

Page: 126

View: 881

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops that was published in Horticulturae
Technology & Engineering

Postharvest Oxidative Stress in Horticultural Crops

Postharvest Oxidative Stress in Horticultural Crops

Author: D. Mark Hodges

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1560229632

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 266

View: 101

Learn how oxidative stress affects fresh fruits and vegetables--and how to inhibit this process! This vital book brings together internationally respected authorities who share their experiences, insights, and approaches to postharvest oxidative stress. It examines the factors that induce oxidative stress and the processes by which oxidative stress affects the quality, shelf life, and nutritional value of fruits and vegetables after harvest. Postharvest Oxidative Stress in Horticultural Crops also explores regulation of oxygen species production and the function of antioxidants, and examines technologies that can enhance the resistance of fruits and vegetables to oxidative stress. With Postharvest Oxidative Stress in Horticultural Crops, you'll examine: the impact of various storage temperatures and atmospheres senescence dynamics superficial scald and other symptoms of postharvest oxidative stress antioxidants and their role in inhibiting oxidative stress regulation of superoxide, hydroxyl radical, and hydrogen peroxide production physical treatments and chemical treatments that can reduce oxidative stress genetic engineering techniques designed to combat the tendency toward postharvest oxidative stress Essential for researchers, teachers, and advanced students in plant physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology, biotechnology, breeding, and horticulture, Postharvest Oxidative Stress in Horticultural Crops is also vital for everyone whose day-to-day work is impacted by plant stress.
Technology & Engineering

Selenium Supplementation in Horticultural Crops

Selenium Supplementation in Horticultural Crops

Author: Alžbeta Hegedűsová

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030704865

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 155

View: 806

Selenium plays a significant role in preventing certain types of cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The level of Selenium in the human body depends on its concentration in food. In turn, the content in vegetable crops is a function of the soil-plant system. There are many countries in the world with low Selenium content in the soil. The average daily human intake is thus limited through food chain. Analysis of Selenium status suggests that fortification of the soil substrate with Sodium Selenate, and foliar application to agricultural crops are both effective means of Selenium enrichment. Our intention for this publication is to present the possibilities of augmenting Selenium content by biofortification of soils and plants through differentiated nutrition. In the first part of the monograph, the results of Selenium supplementation in model vegetation experiments are presented. The next part of the monograph presents the results of foliar supplementation of Selenium in field conditions. This book is an outstanding reference source for plant breeders and researchers engaged in biofortification of horticulture crops. It is also beneficial to agricultural companies and other stakeholders.
Technology & Engineering

Chilling Injury of Horticultural Crops

Chilling Injury of Horticultural Crops

Author: Chien Yi Wang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0849357365

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 371

This book provides readers with a historical background as well as current knowledge and theories on chilling injury. This exciting volume covers a broad scope of topics-from basic concepts to practical applications. This work also brings together discussions on various aspects of chilling injury. It gives basic information which describes biochemical changes, molecular basis, and concepts of chilling injury. Additionally, it describes the development of chilling injury in crops of tropical, subtropical, and temperate origin. This interesting resource places emphasis on assessment, prevention, and reduction of chilling injury. It also provides an extensive collection of references at the end of each chapter which offers the reader an abundance of resources for further detailed study. Researchers and students in plant physiology, horticulture and agronomy will find this book most valuable.
Technology & Engineering

Modern Techniques of Rice Crop Production

Modern Techniques of Rice Crop Production

Author: Naeem Sarwar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811649554

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 866

View: 417

This book collects all the latest technologies with their implications on the global rice cultivation. It discusses all aspects of rice production and puts together the latest trends and best practices in the rice production. Rice is produced and consumed worldwide and especially an important crop for Asia. It is a staple food in majority of population living is this continent which distinguishes this from rest of the world. Climatic fluctuations, elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide, enhanced temperature have created extreme weather conditions for rice cultivation. Also, increasing pest attacks make situation complicated for the farmers. Therefore, rice production technology also has to be adjusted accordingly. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, plant biotechnologists, pathologists, agronomists, soil scientists, food technologists from different part of the globe. Also, the book serves as additional reading material for students of agriculture, soil science, and environmental sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policy makers will also find this to be a useful read
Crop yields

Wisconsin Results of Growth Regulator and Cultural Studies on Agronomic Crops

Wisconsin Results of Growth Regulator and Cultural Studies on Agronomic Crops

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89101604288

Category: Crop yields

Page:

View: 915

Technology & Engineering

Micronutrient Deficiencies in Global Crop Production

Micronutrient Deficiencies in Global Crop Production

Author: Brian J. Alloway

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402068607

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 485

A deficiency of one or more of the eight plant micronutrients (boron, chlorine, copper, iron, manganese, molybdenum, nickel and zinc) will adversely affect both the yield and quality of crops. Micronutrient deficiencies in crops occur in many parts of the world, at various scales (from one to millions of hectares), but differences in soil conditions, climate, crop genotypes and management, result in marked variations in their occurrence. The causes, effects and alleviation of micronutrient deficiencies in crops in: Australia, India, China, Turkey, the Near East, Africa, Europe, South America and the United States of America, are covered, and these are representative of most of the different conditions under which crops are grown anywhere in the world. Links between low contents of iodine, iron and zinc (human micronutrients) in staple grains and the incidence of human health problems are discussed, together with the ways in which the micronutrient content of food crops can be increased and their bioavailability to humans improved. Detailed treatment of topics, such as: soil types associated with deficiencies, soil testing and plant analysis, field experiments, innovative treatments, micronutrients in the subsoil, nutrient interactions, effects of changing cropping systems, micronutrient budgets and hidden deficiencies in various chapters provides depth to the broad coverage of the book. This book provides a valuable guide to the requirements of crops for plant micronutrients and the causes, occurrence and treatment of deficiencies. It is essential reading for many agronomy, plant nutrition and agricultural extension professionals.
Science

Biology and Management of Problematic Crop Weed Species

Biology and Management of Problematic Crop Weed Species

Author: Bhagirath S. Chauhan

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128229354

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 192

Weeds are the main biological constraint to crop production throughout the year. Uncontrolled weeds could cause 100% yield loss. In Australia, the overall cost of weeds to Australian grain growers was estimated at AU$ 3.3 billion annually. In terms of yield losses, weeds amounted to 2.7 million tonnes of grains at a national level. In the USA, weeds cost US$ 33 billion in lost crop production annually. In India, these costs were estimated to be much higher (US$ 11 billion). These studies from different economies suggest that weeds cause substantial yield and economic loss. Biology and Management of Problematic Weed Species details the biology of key weed species, providing vital information on seed germination and production, as well as factors affecting weed growth. These species include Chenopodium album, Chloris truncata and C. virgate, Conyza bonariensis and C. canadensis, Cyperus rotundus, and many more. This information is crucial for researchers and growers to develop integrated weed management (IWM) strategies. Written by leading experts across the globe, this book is an essential read to plant biologists and ecologists, crop scientists, and students and researchers interested in weed science. Provides detailed information on the biology of different key weed species Covers weed seed germination and emergence Presents the factors affecting weed growth and seed production