Medical

Autoimmune Neurological Disease

Autoimmune Neurological Disease

Author: Michael P. Pender

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521461139

Category: Medical

Page: 387

View: 890

This book provides a comprehensive, up-to-date and critical overview of the immunological aspects of autoimmune neurological disease. These diseases include common conditions such as multiple sclerosis, the Guillain-Barre syndrome and myasthenia gravis. The introductory chapters on antigen recognition and self-nonself recognition, and neuroimmunology, are followed by chapters on specific diseases. These are presented in a standardised format with sections on clinical features, genetics, neuropathology, pathophysiology, immunology and therapy. Each chapter has a concluding section which summarises key points and suggests directions for future research. Animal models of autoimmune neurological disease are also covered in detail because of their importance in understanding the human diseases. The book is suitable for clinicians and neurologists managing patients with these diseases, and for immunologists, neuroscientists and neurologists investigating the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of these disorders.
Science

Autoimmune Neurology

Autoimmune Neurology

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444634467

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 207

Autoimmune Neurology presents the latest information on autoimmune neurologic disease, the immune response to the body where organs run wild, causing the immune system to attack itself. Autoimmunity is a main element in numerous nervous system diseases and can target any structure within the central or peripheral nervous system. Over the past 20 years, significant advances in our understanding of the pathophysiology of autoimmune disorders, including the use of biomarkers has led to new diagnosis and treatment options. Neurologic conditions associated with autoimmune reactions include dementia, neuromuscular disease, epilepsy, sleep disorders, diabetes, and other common neurologic disorders and disease. This current tutorial-reference will be a must-have title for clinical neurologists, research neurologists, neuroscientists, and any medical professional working with autoimmune disease and disorders. Includes comprehensive coverage of autoimmune neurology Details the latest techniques for the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases and disorders, including dementia, neuromuscular disease, epilepsy, and sleep disorders Presents a focused reference for clinical practitioners and the clinical neurology and neurology research communities
Medical

Apheresis in Neurological Disorders

Apheresis in Neurological Disorders

Author: Johannes Dorst

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039435852

Category: Medical

Page: 174

View: 336

Apheresis refers to an extracorporeal therapy which aims at removing pathological constituents from the patients’ blood. Due to the development of new techniques as well as the discovery of novel autoimmune antibodies, it is increasingly recognized as an important therapeutic option for a variety of autoimmune-mediated neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, autoimmune encephalitis, Guillain–Barré syndrome, and many others. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) constitutes the standard method of apheresis for most indications, while immunoadsorption (IA) offers a more specific, low-risk alternative. Both methods aim at removing auto-antibodies from the blood. Evidence for most neurological diseases is still low. Interestingly, more recent developments suggest that apheresis is not limited to the removal of autoantibodies but may also be useful in neurodegenerative and possibly even in acute vascular disorders.
Medical

Neuroimmunology

Neuroimmunology

Author: Bibiana Bielekova

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780190050801

Category: Medical

Page: 329

View: 854

Neuroimmunology, the latest volume in the Contemporary Neurology Series, provides a practical, clinical, and scientific background on a diverse group of neurological disorders in this rapidly expanding field. The book includes chapters on multiple sclerosis and related disorders in adults and children, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy and variants, immune-mediated disorders of the neuromuscular junction, inflammatory myopathies, paraneoplastic disorders and autoimmune encephalitities, and neurologic manifestations of systemic immune-mediated diseases. Unique to the work, the authors have included an introductory chapter on the basics of immunology and another on mechanisms of action of therapies used in neuroimmunologic disorders. The clinical chapters cover epidemiology, pathology, pathogenesis, and pathophysiology of the different diseases along with clinical presentation, diagnostic testing, differential diagnosis, and treatment. All are presented in an accessible, practical format, making this volume a valuable resource for physicians and other healthcare providers that will care for persons with neuroimmunologic diseases.
Nervous system

Neurological Diseases

Neurological Diseases

Author: Philip L. Thygesen

Publisher:

ISBN: 1536162051

Category: Nervous system

Page: 99

View: 704

In Neurological Diseases: From Diagnosis to Treatment, the authors provide an overview of the most important pathogenic aspects which indicate that therapeutic apheresis can be a supportive therapy in systemic autoimmune diseases such as renal and neurological disorders. Next, the authors examine whether ceftriaxone could influence aluminum brain neurotoxic effects through a study wherein four groups of adult male Wistar rats underwent four different treatments via stereotaxic brain surgery. The concluding study proposes an implementation of a concept of neuropalliative and rehabilitative care for patients with progressive neurological disease within the systems of health and social care in the Czech Republic.
Medical

Neuroimmunology in Clinical Practice

Neuroimmunology in Clinical Practice

Author: Bernadette Kalman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470766187

Category: Medical

Page: 280

View: 992

Written by field experts, Neuroimmunology in Clinical Practice fills a void in traditional neuroimmunology literature, which tends to cover the discipline’s scientific aspects with little emphasis on clinical applications. This unique book is essential reading in clinical neuroimmunology. Written by field experts this book provides a comprehensive description of immune mediated neurological disorders complemented with the most pertinent and up to date scientific data Covers inflammatory demyelination in the central nervous system, autoimmune diseases of the peripheral nervous system and the muscle, and disorders of the central and peripheral nervous systems Fills a gap in existing neuroimmunology literature by focusing on clinical applications
Medical

Treatment of Autoimmune Disorders

Treatment of Autoimmune Disorders

Author: Michael Sticherling

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3211837728

Category: Medical

Page: 200

View: 118

Progress in basic and clinical immunology within the last two decades has provided profound insight into the immune system and its role in preventing endogenous and exogenous damage. In contrast, disbalances within this system can result in autoimmune disorders which may affect diverse organs and result in distinct clinical pictures. In many of these, however, the individual etiopathogenetic mechanisms are poorly understood and even more their clinical symptoms are hard to treat. The book offers insight into basic mechanisms of autoimmune disorders. It includes neurological, gastrointestinal, ophthalmological and skin diseases as well as current and future therapeutic options including immunomodulatory drugs and different vaccination strategies. By addressing diverse organ systems, both singular and shared features are elaborated. Thus an exchange of ideas is intended across research on single organ systems within a truly interdisciplinary setting.
Medical

Neurologic Involvement in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Neurologic Involvement in Systemic Autoimmune Diseases

Author: Doruk Erkan

Publisher: Elsevier Science Limited

ISBN: 0444516514

Category: Medical

Page: 279

View: 473

Systemic autoimmune diseases can affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems in a myriad of ways and through a heterogeneous number of mechanisms leading to many different clinical manifestations. As a result, neurological complications of these disorders can result in significant morbidity and mortality. Advances in the diagnosis, laboratory investigations, and management of these conditions has placed an increasing burden on the practicing clinician to correctly assess and treat these patients. This volume of the Handbook of the Systemic Autoimmune Diseases will help the clinician and researcher better understand the current concepts of nervous system involvement from systemic autoimmune disorders, recognize current approaches to diagnosis and treatment, current controversies, and areas that need significant research efforts. It is believed that providing this approach in a single volume will facilitate its use as a frequent resource for all those caring for or investigating these patients and their diseases. Each chapter follows a consistent outline to provide the reader with important and useful information in an easy-to-navigate manner and is also liberally referenced to provide more primary source material for further consideration. The standardized approach to each chapter will allow the reader to be able to compare and contrast more efficiently the neurological complications of the autoimmune diseases discussed.
Medical

Autoantibodies in Neurological Diseases

Autoantibodies in Neurological Diseases

Author: Angela Vincent

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8847001196

Category: Medical

Page: 204

View: 504

Immune-mediated neurological disorders present an increasing challenge to neu­ rologists. Recent advances have identified new antibodies, new effector mechanisms and new diagnostic tests; these have greatly enhanced our understanding of disease aetiology and opened up therapeutic opportunities, but a critical understanding of this fast -developing field is not easy to find. This volume was conceived following a very successful course on neuroimmu­ no logy in Bergamo in 2000, and was written mainly by clinicians who are active in the laboratory. It will help to keep practising neurologists and neuroimmuno­ logists abreast of the most recent developments, and to assess new information more critically. Angela Vincent and Gianvito Martino should be congratulated on master-min­ ding this timely and practical text. July 2001 J. Newsom-Davis Professor Emeritus University of Oxford Table of Contents Introduction -Approaches to Understanding Immune-Mediated Neurological Disorders: Measuring and Evaluating Autoantibodies to Neuronal Antigens G. MARTINO, A. VINCENT ..••.•...•...•..••...•.••..•....••.••.....
Medical

Clinical Neuroimmunology

Clinical Neuroimmunology

Author: Jack P. Antel

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198510680

Category: Medical

Page: 467

View: 938

Clinical Neurimmunology is the major reference text in the field, providing broad and comprehensive coverage of the interaction between the nervous and immune systems in both normal and diseased states. Understanding this interaction is fundamental to developing therapeutic approaches todisease and injury of the nervous system that are currently only marginally amenable to therapy. Neuroimmunology is a well-recognised and growing specialty world wide, both at the basic science and clinical level. It is a fast moving field and this is the most up to date text available. Chaptersare dedicated to the role of the immune system in disorders affecting both the central and peripheral nervous systems, including important neurodegenerative diseases (such as multiple sclerosis and HIV-related neural degeneration) which cause life-long disability. Extensive coverage is given to awhole array of immune-directed therapies.The book has a strong international team of well respected, high profile editors and authors. The first edition published to extensive and positive reviews and has established itself as the principal reference source in the field. This second edition summarizes recent advances in clinicalneuroimmunology in a comprehensive and unbiased way.
Medical

Co-signal Molecules in T Cell Activation

Co-signal Molecules in T Cell Activation

Author: Miyuki Azuma

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813297173

Category: Medical

Page: 326

View: 979

This book equips young immunologists and health professionals with a clear understanding of the fundamental concepts and roles of co-signal molecules and in addition presents the latest information on co-stimulation. The first part of the book is devoted to co-signal molecules and the regulation of T cells. Following an initial overview, subsequent chapters examine each co-signal molecule in turn and discuss the mechanisms by which co-signal molecules regulate the different types of T cell. The second part covers various clinical applications, including in autoimmune disease, neurological disorders, transplantation, graft-versus-host disease, and cancer immunotherapy. To date, co-stimulation blockade and co-inhibition blockade have shown beneficial effects and many additional clinical trials targeting co-signal molecules are ongoing. The mechanisms underlying these successful treatments are explained and the future therapeutic potential in the aforementioned diseases is evaluated. Co-signal Molecules in T Cell Activation will be a valuable reference guide to co-stimulation for basic and clinical researchers in the fields of both immunology and pharmaceutical science.
Medical

Autoantibodies in Neurological Diseases

Autoantibodies in Neurological Diseases

Author: Angela Vincent

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9788847020979

Category: Medical

Page: 177

View: 193

The book covers the immunological and clinical aspects of immune-mediated diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system, excluding multiple sclerosis. It includes paraneoplastic neurological disorders, and discusses the immune mechanisms in the growing number of recognised paraneoplastic conditions. It not only provides an overview of the field but also discusses the possible role of immunity in other neurological disorders such as epilepsy. Chapters are written by scientists and clinicians directly involved in each specific area, who have summarized the current understanding of neuroimmunology, with emphasis on the underlying abormalities of the immune responses, the different clinical expression of the diseases and the important use of immunotherapies in treatment. Figures and tables are included in each chapter.