Science

In AI We Trust

In AI We Trust

Author: Helga Nowotny

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509548828

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 604

One of the most persistent concerns about the future is whether it will be dominated by the predictive algorithms of AI – and, if so, what this will mean for our behaviour, for our institutions and for what it means to be human. AI changes our experience of time and the future and challenges our identities, yet we are blinded by its efficiency and fail to understand how it affects us. At the heart of our trust in AI lies a paradox: we leverage AI to increase our control over the future and uncertainty, while at the same time the performativity of AI, the power it has to make us act in the ways it predicts, reduces our agency over the future. This happens when we forget that that we humans have created the digital technologies to which we attribute agency. These developments also challenge the narrative of progress, which played such a central role in modernity and is based on the hubris of total control. We are now moving into an era where this control is limited as AI monitors our actions, posing the threat of surveillance, but also offering the opportunity to reappropriate control and transform it into care. As we try to adjust to a world in which algorithms, robots and avatars play an ever-increasing role, we need to understand better the limitations of AI and how their predictions affect our agency, while at the same time having the courage to embrace the uncertainty of the future.
Science

In AI We Trust

In AI We Trust

Author: Helga Nowotny

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 1509548815

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 829

One of the most persistent concerns about the future is whether it will be dominated by the predictive algorithms of AI – and, if so, what this will mean for our behaviour, for our institutions and for what it means to be human. AI changes our experience of time and the future and challenges our identities, yet we are blinded by its efficiency and fail to understand how it affects us. At the heart of our trust in AI lies a paradox: we leverage AI to increase control over the future and uncertainty, while at the same time the performativity of AI, the power it has to make us act in the ways it predicts, reduces our agency over the future. This happens when we forget that that we humans have created the digital technologies to which we attribute agency. These developments also challenge the narrative of progress, which played such a central role in modernity and is based on the hubris of total control. We are now moving into an era where this control is limited as AI monitors our actions, posing the threat of surveillance, but also offering the opportunity to reappropriate control and transform it into care. As we try to adjust to a world in which algorithms, robots and avatars play an ever-increasing role, we need to understand better the limitations of AI and how their predictions affect our agency, while at the same time having the courage to embrace the uncertainty of the future.
Law

AI, Data and Private Law

AI, Data and Private Law

Author: Gary Chan Kok Yew

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509946853

Category: Law

Page: 368

View: 114

This book examines the interconnections between artificial intelligence, data governance and private law rules with a comparative focus on selected jurisdictions in the Asia-Pacific region. The chapters discuss the myriad challenges of translating and adapting theory, doctrines and concepts to practice in the Asia-Pacific region given their differing circumstances, challenges and national interests. The contributors are legal experts from the UK, Israel, Korea, and Singapore with extensive academic and practical experience. The essays in this collection cover a wide range of topics, including data protection and governance, data trusts, information fiduciaries, medical AI, the regulation of autonomous vehicles, the use of blockchain technology in land administration, the regulation of digital assets and contract formation issues arising from AI applications. The book will be of interest to members of the judiciary, policy makers and academics who specialise in AI, data governance and/or private law or who work at the intersection of these three areas, as well as legal technologists and practising lawyers in the Asia-Pacific, the UK and the US.

HCI International 2021 - Late Breaking Papers: Multimodality, eXtended Reality, and Artificial Intelligence

HCI International 2021 - Late Breaking Papers: Multimodality, eXtended Reality, and Artificial Intelligence

Author: Constantine Stephanidis

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030909635

Category:

Page:

View: 173

Computers

Artificial Intelligence in HCI

Artificial Intelligence in HCI

Author: Helmut Degen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030777722

Category: Computers

Page: 554

View: 316

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in HCI, AI-HCI 2021, which was held as part of HCI International 2021 and took place virtually during July 24-29, 2021. The total of 1276 papers and 241 posters included in the 39 HCII 2021 proceedings volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 5222 submissions. The papers included in this volume were organized in topical sections as follows: Ethics, trust and explainability; human-centered AI; AI applications in HCI; and AI applications in smart environments.
Art

Ai Weiwei's Blog

Ai Weiwei's Blog

Author: Ai Weiwei

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262015219

Category: Art

Page: 336

View: 336

Manifestos and immodest proposals from China's most famous artist and activist, culled from his popular blog, shut down by Chinese authorities in 2009. In 2006, even though he could barely type, China's most famous artist started blogging. For more than three years, Ai Weiwei turned out a steady stream of scathing social commentary, criticism of government policy, thoughts on art and architecture, and autobiographical writings. He wrote about the Sichuan earthquake (and posted a list of the schoolchildren who died because of the government's “tofu-dregs engineering”), reminisced about Andy Warhol and the East Village art scene, described the irony of being investigated for “fraud” by the Ministry of Public Security, made a modest proposal for tax collection. Then, on June 1, 2009, Chinese authorities shut down the blog. This book offers a collection of Ai's notorious online writings translated into English—the most complete, public documentation of the original Chinese blog available in any language. The New York Times called Ai “a figure of Warholian celebrity.” He is a leading figure on the international art scene, a regular in museums and biennials, but in China he is a manifold and controversial presence: artist, architect, curator, social critic, justice-seeker. He was a consultant on the design of the famous “Bird's Nest” stadium but called for an Olympic boycott; he received a Chinese Contemporary Art “lifetime achievement award” in 2008 but was beaten by the police in connection with his “citizen investigation” of earthquake casualties in 2009. Ai Weiwei's Blog documents Ai's passion, his genius, his hubris, his righteous anger, and his vision for China.
Computers

HCI International 2022 – Late Breaking Papers: Interacting with eXtended Reality and Artificial Intelligence

HCI International 2022 – Late Breaking Papers: Interacting with eXtended Reality and Artificial Intelligence

Author: Jessie Y. C. Chen

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031217074

Category: Computers

Page: 630

View: 726

This proceedings LNCS 13518 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2022, which was held virtually as part of the 24th International Conference, HCII 2022, in June/July 2022. HCII 2022 received a total of 5583 submissions from academia, research institutes, industry, and governmental agencies from 88 countries submitted contributions, and 1276 papers and 275 posters were included in the proceedings that were published just before the start of the conference. Additionally, 296 papers and 181 posters are included in the volumes of the proceedings published after the conference, as “Late Breaking Work” (papers and posters). The contributions thoroughly cover the entire field of human-computer interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas.
Political Science

Elgar Encyclopedia of Technology and Politics

Elgar Encyclopedia of Technology and Politics

Author: Ceron, Andrea

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781800374263

Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 936

The Elgar Encyclopedia of Technology and Politics is a landmark resource that offers a comprehensive overview of the ways in which technological development is reshaping politics. Providing an unparalleled starting point for research, it addresses all the major contemporary aspects of the field, comprising entries written by over 90 scholars from 33 different countries on 5 continents.
Science

Making Sense of AI

Making Sense of AI

Author: Anthony Elliott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781509548910

Category: Science

Page: 220

View: 256

Industrial robots, self-driving cars, customer-service chatbots and Google’s algorithmic predictions have brought the topic of artificial intelligence into public debate. Why is AI the source of such intense controversy and what are its economic, political, social and cultural consequences? Tracing the changing fortunes of artificial intelligence, Elliott develops a systematic account of how automated intelligent machines impact different spheres and aspects of public and private life. Among the issues discussed are the automation of workforces, surveillance capitalism, warfare and lethal autonomous weapons, the spread of racist robots and the automation of social inequalities. Elliott also considers the decisive role of AI in confronting global risks and social futures, including global pandemics such as COVID-19, and how smart algorithms are impacting the search for energy security and combating climate change. Making Sense of AI provides a judiciously comprehensive account of artificial intelligence for those with little or no previous knowledge of the topic. It will be an invaluable book both for students in the social sciences and humanities and for general readers.
Law

Your Boss Is an Algorithm

Your Boss Is an Algorithm

Author: Antonio Aloisi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781509953196

Category: Law

Page: 364

View: 714

What effect do robots, algorithms, and online platforms have on the world of work? Using case studies and examples from across the EU, the UK, and the US, this book provides a compass to navigate this technological transformation as well as the regulatory options available, and proposes a new map for the era of radical digital advancements. From platform work to the gig-economy and the impact of artificial intelligence, algorithmic management, and digital surveillance on workplaces, technology has overwhelming consequences for everyone's lives, reshaping the labour market and straining social institutions. Contrary to preliminary analyses forecasting the threat of human work obsolescence, the book demonstrates that digital tools are more likely to replace managerial roles and intensify organisational processes in workplaces, rather than opening the way for mass job displacement. Can flexibility and protection be reconciled so that legal frameworks uphold innovation? How can we address the pervasive power of AI-enabled monitoring? How likely is it that the gig-economy model will emerge as a new organisational paradigm across sectors? And what can social partners and political players do to adopt effective regulation? Technology is never neutral. It can and must be governed, to ensure that progress favours the many. Digital transformation can be an essential ally, from the warehouse to the office, but it must be tested in terms of social and political sustainability, not only through the lenses of economic convenience. Your Boss Is an Algorithm offers a guide to explore these new scenarios, their promises, and perils.
Computers

Artificial Intelligence in Education. Posters and Late Breaking Results, Workshops and Tutorials, Industry and Innovation Tracks, Practitioners’ and Doctoral Consortium

Artificial Intelligence in Education. Posters and Late Breaking Results, Workshops and Tutorials, Industry and Innovation Tracks, Practitioners’ and Doctoral Consortium

Author: Maria Mercedes Rodrigo

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783031116476

Category: Computers

Page: 670

View: 851

This two-volume set LNAI 13355 and 13356 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Education, AIED 2022, held in Durham, UK, in July 2022. The 40 full papers and 40 short papers presented together with 2 keynotes, 6 industry papers, 12 DC papers, 6 Workshop papers, 10 Practitioner papers, 97 Posters and Late-Breaking Results were carefully reviewed and selected from 243 submissions. The conference presents topics such as intelligent systems and the cognitive sciences for the improvement and advancement of education, the science and engineering of intelligent interactive learning systems. The theme for the AIED 2022 conference was „AI in Education: Bridging the gap between academia, business, and non-pro t in preparing future-proof generations towards ubiquitous AI."
Technology & Engineering

Artificial Intelligence and Social Computing

Artificial Intelligence and Social Computing

Author: Tareq Ahram, Jay Kalra and Waldemar Karwowski

Publisher: AHFE International

ISBN: 9781958651049

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 579

Artificial Intelligence and Social Computing Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics (AHFE 2022), July 24–28, 2022, New York, USA