Psychology

Principles of Geographical Offender Profiling

Principles of Geographical Offender Profiling

Author: David V. Canter

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754625494

Category: Psychology

Page: 290

View: 983

Examining Geographical Offender Profiling (GOP) and all that it encompasses, this book brings together a cross-section of the major papers published in the field with an introduction that puts the papers into an overall context and a concluding extensive bibliography of the publications relevant to this rapidly growing area.
Social Science

Principles of Geographical Offender Profiling

Principles of Geographical Offender Profiling

Author: David Canter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351908986

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 953

Geographical Offender Profiling (GOP) is the term that has emerged for the examination of where offences take place and the use of that examination to formulate views on the nature of the offender and where s/he might be based. As such, it has become the cornerstone of 'offender profiling'. By its nature, GOP bridges psychology, geography, criminology and forensic science and is of academic interest to all those disciplines as well as practical significance to police investigators. This book brings together a cross-section of the major papers published in the field that lay out the concepts and foundations of this area - including some widely quoted but difficult to obtain 'classic' papers - with an introduction that puts the papers into an overall context and a concluding extensive bibliography of the publications relevant to this rapidly growing area.
Psychology

Applications of Geographical Offender Profiling

Applications of Geographical Offender Profiling

Author: Donna Youngs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351957731

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 419

Many law enforcement agencies are now analyzing where a crime is committed, to develop predictions on the offender, their location and other factors that could help with the investigation. Known as Geographical Offender Profiling (GOP), this approach relies on a combination of principles and methodologies drawn from many different disciplines, including psychology, geography, criminology and forensic science. This book brings together a cross-section of the major papers published in the field of GOP to explain the scope and application of GOP in different criminal contexts. For the first time some widely quoted but difficult to obtain 'classic' papers have been published together with an introduction that provides an up-to-the-minute context and an extensive bibliography of the most relevant publications in this burgeoning area of study.
Social Science

Behavioural Analysis of Crime

Behavioural Analysis of Crime

Author: Donna Youngs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317175605

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 189

The intense interest in 'offender profiling' generated by FBI special agents, gave rise to an explosion of studies in a new area called ’investigative psychology’ by its originator David Canter. This develops understanding of offenders' behaviour that can be harnessed to improve investigations. In this rapidly developing area much has been learnt about what offenders reveal about themselves through their styles of offending. Beyond criminals’ actions the location of their crimes can also reveal where the offender lives or which offences can be linked as part of the same series. Investigative psychologists also explore how to interview witnesses and suspects and assess the veracity of accounts given. The variation in criminal style across crimes as diverse as arson, burglary, hostage negotiation, serial killing and sexual assault is reviewed, using narrative theory and criminals’ emotional experience when offending as the basis for explaining these variations. This provides a framework for drawing inferences about offenders' characteristics. Studies in investigative psychology require a special methodology, developed by David Canter to allow scientific explorations in such a challenging field, previously assumed not to be open empirical study. The practical potential and applications of the research are given, as well as a selection of commentaries on the cutting edge debates that are driving the future of the investigative psychology. This new discipline is of relevance to forensic psychologists in many different settings, criminologists and law enforcement agencies, bringing together work that lays out current achievements and sets the agenda for future research in the field.
Social Science

Criminal Investigations of Sexual Offenses

Criminal Investigations of Sexual Offenses

Author: Nadine Deslauriers-Varin

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030799687

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 663

It is startling to read how few sexual offenses are reported in a year; even more shocking to see how few reports lead to an arrest. Research on effective responses to sexual offenses is much needed and ongoing. This edited book presents the current state of research on investigative techniques used in sex crime investigations, and the operational challenges and issues that arise in these investigations. Including an international cohort of scholars from various academic backgrounds, it reviews current efforts in key areas, synthesizing the research to make recommendations for the improvement of investigative practices and the criminal justice system’s response to sexual offenses. Each chapter includes a brief introduction to the topic, a review of the research, and a discussion of the key points relevant to investigators and researchers as they move forward. The book is broken down into four themes: suspect prioritization and identification techniques, investigative interviewing, operational challenges and issues, and the investigation of specific types of sex crimes. With its broad coverage and international scope, this volume fills the gap in knowledge for investigators working on sex crimes cases. With its easy-to-read style and clear analysis of the research, this is the perfect volume for investigators and law enforcement officers, policy makers and researchers, and students in criminology and criminal justice, forensic psychology, and victim services.
Social Science

Criminal & Behavioral Profiling

Criminal & Behavioral Profiling

Author: Curt R. Bartol

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781452256139

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 331

Criminal and Behavioral Profiling, by well-established authors Curt and Anne Bartol, presents a realistic and empirically-based look at the theory, research, and practice of modern criminal profiling. Designed for use in a variety of criminal justice and psychology courses, the book delves into the process of identifying distinctive behavioral tendencies, geographical locations, demographic and biographical descriptors of an offender (or offenders), and sometimes personality traits, based on characteristics of the crime. Timely literature and case studies from the rapidly growing international research in criminal profiling help students understand the best practices, major pitfalls, and psychological concepts that are key to this process.
Social Science

Safety, Societal Problems and Citizens' Perceptions

Safety, Societal Problems and Citizens' Perceptions

Author: Marc Cools

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9789046603277

Category: Social Science

Page: 314

View: 989

In nowadays' globalised society an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The Research Group Governance of Security want to foster contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. Therefore, GofS started a Research Paper Series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS is concentrating its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that has been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. Volume 3 provides new empirical data, theories and analyses on Safety, Societal Problems and Citizens' Perceptions. Some articles in Volume 3 focus especially on issues of conceptualisation and measurement of key constructs in the study of security in its broadest meaning (from fear of crime to corruption) some articles present tests of theoretical models derived from theoretical criminology, and finally some articles focus on different institutional reactions towards crime and drug-related problems (e.g. policing, the conflict of interests between private companies and authorities and restorative justice).
Business & Economics

The Economics of Terrorism

The Economics of Terrorism

Author: Peter J. Phillips

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317267331

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 196

View: 926

Brutality is the defining characteristic of terrorism. It is despairing to learn that this brutality is the outcome of purposeful, rational, human behaviour. In this purposefulness, however, there lies the key to the interpretation, explanation and understanding of terrorist behaviour. Ultimately, it is in this purposefulness that we shall also find the key to overcoming terrorism. Economic analysis highlights this purposefulness, this rationality, and in doing so provides a different perspective from which to approach the threat of terrorism and the task of pre-empting and pursuing its perpetrators. This book develops this economic perspective within a series of important contexts, each characterised by particular types of terrorist behaviour, choices and strategies. The Economics of Terrorism brings new insights on how to deal with such challenges as the terrorist group’s choice of attack method and target location, terrorist financing and ‘copycat’ behaviour.
Social Science

Understanding Criminal Investigation

Understanding Criminal Investigation

Author: Stephen Tong

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047068237X

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 178

This comprehensive volume deciphers investigative process and practice, providing an authoritative insight into key debates and contemporary issues in crime investigations Provides critical examination of investigative practice by focusing on the key issues and debates underpinned by academic literature on crime investigation Outlines the theoretical explanations that provide an understanding of crime investigation and the context in which investigators operate Illustrates the practical relevance of theoretical contributions to crime investigation Places clear emphasis on the multi-disciplinary nature of crime investigation
Psychology

Criminal Psychology

Criminal Psychology

Author: David Canter

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781134697717

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 768

This thoroughly updated and revised new edition provides an essential overview of a full range of psychological contributions to the understanding of crime and the processes of dealing with offenders and helping their victims. From the cognitive, developmental and social processes that influence a diverse range of crimes, including burglary, fraud, rape and murder, to the challenges faced by the police and courts in investigating crime or securing reliable testimony, the text is packed with pedagogical features that bring this fascinating subject to life. These include boxes highlighting key topics or issues around research methods, further reading and suggested essay titles. Also including chapters on rehabilitation in prisons and the psychology of victims, the text examines hot topics such as gang membership and terrorism, as well as discussing how psychology may better understand criminals and criminal behaviour in the future. It builds to a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field. It will be ideal for students across psychology, criminology and socio-legal studies and law.
Law

Criminal Investigation

Criminal Investigation

Author: Michael J. Palmiotto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439882221

Category: Law

Page: 313

View: 484

Criminal investigators need broad knowledge of such topics as criminal law, criminal procedure, and investigative techniques. The best resource for these professionals will distill the needed information into one practical volume. Written in an accessible style, the fourth edition of Criminal Investigation maintains the same reader friendly approac
Political Science

Private Security Companies and Private Military Companies

Private Security Companies and Private Military Companies

Author: Joery Matthys

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9789046603222

Category: Political Science

Page: 172

View: 207