First published in 1985. This book examines in-depth the administrative, curricular, attitudinal and pastoral care changes that are needed if teachers in ordinary schools are to meet their pupils’ special needs successfully. Drawing on extensive research the author shows that the needs of a minority of ‘special’ pupils cannot sensibly be seen in insolation from those of the other pupils in the school. Schools that cater successfully for the majority of their pupils with special needs. Conversely, the curriculum and organisational problems in some schools create tensions which are reflected in the pupils’ poor behaviour and performance. These are taken as evidence that the pupils have special needs.
Providing insight into current research, and comprehensive guidance on recent legislation and policy, this key text offers anyone working or preparing to work with children with SEND with essential academic and theoretical understanding to underpin and inform existing and future practice. Exploring prime areas in which professionals work directly with children with SEND, chapters broach current issues and debates relating to practice, and examine recent advances in research, policy and legislation in areas including education, health and social care. This interdisciplianry approach, coupled with case studies, points for reflection and clearly signposted activities throughout, gives readers the opportunity to develop a thorough understanding of the complexities surrounding SEND and enables them to relate these to their own practice. Packed with practical tips and examples of best practice, topics discussed include: approaches to inclusion, integration and segregation competing discourses surrounding SEND and their impacts on children, families and professionals safeguarding and the voice of the child multi-agency work and the changing role of the SEND practitioner working in partnership with parents and families research and practice in relation to issues such as Autistic Spectrum Disorder, chromosomal and gestational diversity, ADHD and Profound and Multiple Learning Disabilities and Difficulties. Demystifying changes to policy, exploring legislation, and identifying best practice, this invaluable resource will support students, SEND practitioners and professionals to develop and enhance practice with children with SEND.
Amidst all of the bureaucracy and policy concerning special educational needs (SEN), it is easy to lose sight of the role of standards in the education of pupils with SEN. This book places the role of standards at the centre of the stage, showing:- what is meant by standards- how they are measured- how they can be improved- what pitfalls need to be avoidedTopics include: legisaltion; identification of SEN; target settting; benchmarking; "value added"; inclusive education; and resources. The book focuses on UK education systmes but includes frequent and sustained comparison with USA. There are also references to Canada, New Zealand and South Africa.
“This book presents a stimulating and up-to-date overview of the context of education in SEN and suggests how educators can address special needs most effectively by keeping in mind an image of the development of the whole child. The editors have assembled an impressive range of thought-provoking contributions to the ongoing debate on the actual, the possible and the ideal responses that our education system makes or could make to the needs of its most vulnerable students.” Tony Cline, Educational Psychology Group, University College London, UK. “This book provides readers with a fresh, often incisive approach to many perennial issues in education. These include but are not limited to socio-political agendas in inclusion, labelling, learners’ self esteem and the delicate balance between different specialists within school systems that must be achieved in the best interest of the child with or without special educational needs and disabilities. Although written for a UK readership, the editors have ensured that the content of most chapters transcends national and systems boundaries with a healthy balance between psychological / educational theory and its real world application in contexts that may not be instantly responsive to the child’s changing needs.” Dr Victor Martinelli, University of Malta, Malta. “This book provides a welcome overview and commentary on current complex issues and problems affecting all those with an interest in children and young people with special educational needs. Ranging, as it does, from matters surrounding individuals such as labelling, therapeutic work and self-esteem to wider political, historical and socio- cultural influences, it provides the reader with a challenging, informed and critical set of perspectives. Its strength is the manner in which it tackles complex issues, providing thought-provoking views for those well versed in the world of special educational needs but also ensuring clear, comprehensive background information for novice readers of this topic. This book is an excellent compilation of relevant contemporary pieces thoughtfully woven together by highly skilled, well-placed editors.” Jane Leadbetter, University of Birmingham, UK. This thought-provoking and accessible book provides an overview of key issues in the education of children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities. Written by highly experienced practitioners and educationalists, the book explores a range of approaches for working with this diverse group of learners and invites you to consider your possible responses. The book begins with an historical overview of Special Educational Needs and Disabilities and a critical guide to current policy. The contributors then expertly explore and summarise many of the fascinating topics which arise in practice and scholarly research in this area, including: Ethical and practical implications of labelling children and young people with forms of special educational needs or disability The role of special schools, particularly in light of enduring debates about inclusion/exclusion What increased student participation, student voice and other facets of a democratic classroom mean for students with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities The contributions psychology can make to developing and enriching educational practice Understanding ‘behaviour’ in relation to children and young people with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Case studies are used to illustrate these discussions and the book includes suggested protocols for good practice throughout. Throughout the book the reader is asked to reflect on the issues presented and come to their own decisions about what represents good practice in their setting.The journey concludes with a look at a possible ‘ideal’ school or educational setting for children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities. Contemporary Issues in Special Educational Needs is an invaluable guide for trainee and qualified teachers, learning support staff, SENCO’s, local authority officers, educational consultants and educational psychologists.
In September 1994, the Code of Practice on the Identification and Assessment of Special Educational Needs came into force, and with it a major increase in the expectations placed on teachers in mainstream schools, in particular on the SEN coordinators. This handbook discusses the implications for schools and gives practical guidance on how to implement the code effectively. Throughout, the book provides: * Further information, expanding upon that given in the Code * Examples * Ideas for dealing with SEN in schools * Checklists * Proformas for photocopying and direct use in schools The book begins by explaining and expanding on the Code of Practice, setting it in the context of recent developments including the Education Reform Act and OFSTED criteria for evaluating policy and provision for children in SEN. It then goes on to provide guidelines for implementing the Code of Practice at each of the five stages which it specifies and discusses issues which are raised by this. Specific chapters cover: * Identifying and assessing SEN within the school * Liaison with outside specialists * Statementing * Annual reviews * Knowledge needed by classroom teachers of children with SEN * Implications and issues at different stages of the education system * Parental involvement * Future challenges The book will be of particular interest to special needs coordinators, but will also be of value to anyone else working with children with SEN, including class teachers, heads, advisers, governors, educational psychologists and education welfare officers.
If you are a primary trainee, or are training to support children in primary schools, this is your guide to working with children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND). We begin by exploring what is meant by SEND in primary schools and go on to cover all you need to know about your statutory responsibilities in school. Current legislation and the Code of Conduct are covered, to give you lots of information about the content you will be working in. The book then examines the range of needs you will encounter in primary schools giving you details information and practical advice. This second edition has been fully restructured and updated to include a new section on the key theory relating to SEND. Exploring theories and theorist that you will need to know about to fully understand how to support children. Also new for this edition is a chapter focusing on the role of the SENCO in the primary school. Finally, the book includes more practical support to help you in the classroom. Checklists to help you to work comprehensively and information about useful resources and outside agencies.
This book, first published in 1994, explores the impact which changes in thinking and policy at national and local level have had upon the educational experiences of children and young people with special needs in England, Scotland and Wales. Two major factors are discussed. Firstly, there is the thinking of the late 1970s which emerges in documents such as the Warnock report and the legislation which followed it. Secondly, the authors examine the educational policy and legislation of the 1980s and early 1990s which aimed to encourage the operation of market forces. Through the various articles in this collection, the contributors discuss both the common themes and the tensions created by these changes, and assess the effect these have had on special needs education in practice.
Marking the 40th anniversary of the Warnock Enquiry (1978) into special education in the UK and capturing the coverage of a public debate on special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) hosted by the University College London Institue of Education (2018), this volume explores the legacy of the Enquiry, considering how it has impacted on policy and practice relating to SEND and inclusion, and how it will continue to do so. Offering historical perspectives and drawing on professional and personal experiences, high-profile contributors, including practitioners, researchers, campaigners and parents, reflect on the approaches taken during the Warnock Enquiry and consider how successfully recommendations have been implemented. Reviewing conceptional and practical territory covered by the Warnock committee, and assessing the current state of the inclusion and education of young people with SEND in the UK, the text sets out broad, evidence-based principles for rethinking inclusive practice and explores topics including: the purposes, contribution and impacts of the Warnock Enquiry rights-based approaches to the education of children with SEND past and present dialogue between mainstream and specialist settings challenges faced by parents of children with SEND implications of the Enquiry for initial teacher training perceptions of SEND in the media the relevance of the Enquiry to policy and practice in the years ahead. This invaluable text will widen current debates by exploring how persistent problems relating to inclusion and the education of children and young people with SEND might be resolved. It is an essential read for researchers, educationalists, practitioners and families involved in the education of children with SEND.
This text considers the developing law in England and Wales as it applies to the burgeoning and confusing subject of the rights of children. It examines the extent to which the emerging legal principles can be harnessed to fulfil those rights.