Science

Smart Energy Grid Engineering

Smart Energy Grid Engineering

Author: Hossam Gabbar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128092323

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 949

Smart Energy Grid Engineering provides in-depth detail on the various important engineering challenges of smart energy grid design and operation by focusing on advanced methods and practices for designing different components and their integration within the grid. Governments around the world are investing heavily in smart energy grids to ensure optimum energy use and supply, enable better planning for outage responses and recovery, and facilitate the integration of heterogeneous technologies such as renewable energy systems, electrical vehicle networks, and smart homes around the grid. By looking at case studies and best practices that illustrate how to implement smart energy grid infrastructures and analyze the technical details involved in tackling emerging challenges, this valuable reference considers the important engineering aspects of design and implementation, energy generation, utilization and energy conservation, intelligent control and monitoring data analysis security, and asset integrity. Includes detailed support to integrate systems for smart grid infrastructures Features global case studies outlining design components and their integration within the grid Provides examples and best practices from industry that will assist in the migration to smart grids
Social Science

Smart Energy Technologies in Everyday Life

Smart Energy Technologies in Everyday Life

Author: Y. Strengers

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137267054

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 909

This book interrogates the global utopian vision for smart energy technologies and the new energy consumer intended to realise it. It enriches and extends the possibilities of four residential smart strategies: energy feedback, dynamic pricing, home automation and micro-generation, focusing on how they are being integrated into everyday practice.
Technology & Engineering

Intelligent Computing Techniques for Smart Energy Systems

Intelligent Computing Techniques for Smart Energy Systems

Author: Akhtar Kalam

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811502149

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1046

View: 418

The book compiles the research works related to smart solutions concept in context to smart energy systems, maintaining electrical grid discipline and resiliency, computational collective intelligence consisted of interaction between smart devices, smart environments and smart interactions, as well as information technology support for such areas. It includes high-quality papers presented in the International Conference on Intelligent Computing Techniques for Smart Energy Systems organized by Manipal University Jaipur. This book will motivate scholars to work in these areas. The book also prophesies their approach to be used for the business and the humanitarian technology development as research proposal to various government organizations for funding approval.
Business & Economics

Smart consumers in the internet of energy

Smart consumers in the internet of energy

Author: Monica Giulietti

Publisher: Centre on Regulation in Europe asbl (CERRE)

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 86

View: 724

This report analyses international case studies of innovative business models and regulatory arrangements and provides recommendations for a truly smart energy system. “Active consumers who have access to distributed energy resources, such as solar photovoltaics, storage, electric vehicles and heating appliances will play a crucial role in the challenging transition to a low carbon energy system", explains Monica Giulietti, one of the report’s authors. For fairer prices: use tariffs based on capacity rather than on volume The current network tariff regime is not optimal for a smart energy system. Researchers recommend that tariffs be more directly linked to costs. A more advanced tariff structure is feasible in a smart electricity network: tariffs can be dependent on time and location and adapt to local network congestion. “A shift towards tariffs based on capacity will also reduce the subsidisation of the energy system by poorer consumers to the richer ones, thereby improving the fairness of the tariff structure”, says Bert Willems, co-author of the report. The DSO-TSO interaction models are to be enhanced The report highlights different proposals for DSO-TSO interactions that allow the trade of flexible services provided by distributed energy resources under different regulatory and market contexts, in the United Kingdom, Australia, New York and Europe. “While we’ve observed that in all cases an expansion of the DSO’s roles, capabilities and coordination with the TSO is required, our analysis also shows that most jurisdictions have not yet identified their preferred organisational set-up. The European Commission should systematically take into account the differences of Member States, such as the number, size and independence of DSOs, in future studies or impact assessments”, says Karim Anaya, co-author of the study. Both price and non-price factors are required for consumers to engage Bringing together smart meter technology, blockchain and apps can help consumers to take part in energy transactions by informing them about the advantages provided by distributed energy resources at a given time. However, these technologies can only help if the costs for consumers are low. Otherwise, non-price factors such as climate activism or environmental preferences will be the sole drivers for consumers to participate in this system. Although financial benefits only cannot motivate consumers’ engagement in a complex system, they are significant signals. And we need strong signals if we want consumers to modify longstanding habits. Going off-grid: the risk of death spiral The authors warn that, in the long run, when the costs of storage and local generation are expected to drop, local energy communities might decide to disconnect from the distribution network and operate on a stand-alone basis. The cost of the distribution network will then have to be covered by the remaining network users who, as a result, will see their energy bills increase. This could lead to a “death spiral” where more customers leave the distribution network (though unlikely in northern Europe), making these obsolete. Networks would go bankrupt and only small island grids would remain. “Smart consumers are highly dependent on the ecosystem they are operating in. We can learn from international experiences that Europe needs to develop innovative regulatory models and be ready to test new institutional schemes that involve consumers to support the energy transition. The work ahead goes beyond monitoring what the Clean Energy Package can deliver, we have to anticipate new trends and take action to give more clarity to what DSOs and TSOs can do together and avoid new bottlenecks”, concludes Chloé Le Coq.
Science

Nanoelectronics

Nanoelectronics

Author: Robert Puers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527340538

Category: Science

Page: 742

View: 433

Offering first-hand insights by top scientists and industry experts at the forefront of R&D into nanoelectronics, this book neatly links the underlying technological principles with present and future applications. A brief introduction is followed by an overview of present and emerging logic devices, memories and power technologies. Specific chapters are dedicated to the enabling factors, such as new materials, characterization techniques, smart manufacturing and advanced circuit design. The second part of the book provides detailed coverage of the current state and showcases real future applications in a wide range of fields: safety, transport, medicine, environment, manufacturing, and social life, including an analysis of emerging trends in the internet of things and cyber-physical systems. A survey of main economic factors and trends concludes the book. Highlighting the importance of nanoelectronics in the core fields of communication and information technology, this is essential reading for materials scientists, electronics and electrical engineers, as well as those working in the semiconductor and sensor industries.
Technology & Engineering

Energy Storage Options and Their Environmental Impact

Energy Storage Options and Their Environmental Impact

Author: R E Hester

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9781788016278

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 334

View: 509

Recent decades have seen huge growth in the renewable energy sector, spurred on by concerns about climate change and dwindling supplies of fossil fuels. One of the major difficulties raised by an increasing reliance on renewable resources is the inflexibility when it comes to controlling supply in response to demand. For example, solar energy can only be produced during the day. The development of methods for storing the energy produced by renewable sources is therefore crucial to the continued stability of global energy supplies. However, as with all new technology, it is important to consider the environmental impacts as well as the benefits. This book brings together authors from a variety of different backgrounds to explore the state-of-the-art of large-scale energy storage and examine the environmental impacts of the main categories based on the types of energy stored. A valuable resource, not just for those working and researching in the renewable energy sector, but also for policymakers around the world.
Mathematics

Green and Smart Technologies for Smart Cities

Green and Smart Technologies for Smart Cities

Author: Pradeep Tomar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429846908

Category: Mathematics

Page: 361

View: 913

The book starts with an overview of the role of cities in climate change and environmental pollution worldwide, followed by the concept description of smart cities and their expected features, focusing on green technology innovation. This book explores the energy management strategies required to minimize the need for huge investments in high-capacity transmission lines from distant power plants. A new range of renewable energy technologies modified for installation in cities like small wind turbines, micro-CHP and heat pumps are described. The overall objective of this book is to explore all the green and smart technologies for designing green smart cities.
Technology & Engineering

Smart and Intelligent Systems

Smart and Intelligent Systems

Author: Subhojit Dawn

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811621093

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 599

View: 623

This book is a collection of high-quality research papers presented at the International Conference on Smart and Intelligent Systems (SIS 2021), which will be held in Velagapudi Ramakrishna Siddhartha Engineering College (VRSEC), Andhra Pradesh, India, during February 25–26, 2021, in virtual mode. It highlights how recent informatics intelligent systems have successfully been used to develop innovative smart techniques and infrastructure in the field of modern engineering and technology. The book will also be of interest to those working in the field of computational intelligence, smart computer network and security analysis, control and automation system, cloud computing, fog computing and IoT, smart grid communication, smart cities, solar cell synthesis and their performance, green technology, and many more. The contents of this book prove useful to researchers and professionals.
Political Science

Smart Economy in Smart African Cities

Smart Economy in Smart African Cities

Author: Gora Mboup

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811334719

Category: Political Science

Page: 492

View: 723

This book highlights the use of information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructures in order to develop smart cities and produce smart economies in Africa. It discusses a robust set of concepts, including smart planning, smart infrastructure development, smart economic development, smart environmental sustainability, smart social development, resilience, and smart peace and security in several African cities. By drawing on the accumulated knowledge on various conditions that make cities smart, green, livable and healthy, it helps in the planning, design and management of African urbanization. In turn, it fosters the development of e-commerce, e-education, e-governance, etc. The rapid development of ICT infrastructures facilitates the creation of smart economies in digitally served cities and towns through smart urban planning, smart infrastructures, smart land tenure and smart urban policies. In the long term, this can reduce emissions of CO2, promote the creation of low carbon cities, reduce land degradation and promote biodiversity.
Computers

Smart Intelligent Computing and Communication Technology

Smart Intelligent Computing and Communication Technology

Author: V.D. Ambeth Kumar

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781643682037

Category: Computers

Page: 648

View: 393

Recent developments in the fields of intelligent computing and communication have paved the way for the handling of current and upcoming problems and brought about significant technological advancements. This book presents the proceedings of IConIC 2021, the 4th International Conference on Intelligent Computing, held on 26 and 27 March 2021 in Chennai, India. The principle objective of the annual IConIC conference is to provide an international scientific forum where participants can exchange innovative ideas in relevant fields and interact in depth through discussion with their peer group. The theme of the 2021 conference and this book is ‘Smart Intelligent Computing and Communication Technology’, and the 109 papers included here focus on the technological innovations and trendsetting initiatives in medicine, industry, education and security that are improving and optimizing business and technical processes and enabling inclusive growth. The papers are grouped under 2 headings: Evolution of Computing Intelligence; and Computing and Communication, and cover a broad range of intelligent-computing research and applications. The book provides an overview of the cutting-edge developments and emerging areas of study in the technological fields of intelligent computing, and will be of interest to researchers and practitioners from both academia and industry.
Technology & Engineering

Smart Grid Standards

Smart Grid Standards

Author: Takuro Sato

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118653777

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 488

View: 875

A fully comprehensive introduction to smart grid standardsand their applications for developers, consumers and serviceproviders The critical role of standards for smart grid has already beenrealized by world-wide governments and industrial organizations.There are hundreds of standards for Smart Grid which have beendeveloped in parallel by different organizations. It istherefore necessary to arrange those standards in such a way thatit is easier for readers to easily understand and select aparticular standard according to their requirements without goinginto the depth of each standard, which often spans from hundreds tothousands of pages. The book will allow people in the smart grid areas and in therelated industries to easily understand the fundamental standardsof smart grid, and quickly find the building-block standards theyneed from hundreds of standards for implementing a smart gridsystem. The authors highlight the most advanced works and effortsnow under way to realize an integrated and interoperable smartgrid, such as the “NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart GridInteroperability Standards Release 2.0”, the” IEC SmartGrid Standardization Roadmap”, the ISO/IEC’s“Smart Grid Standards for Residential Customers”, theZigBee/HomePlug’s “Smart Energy Profile Specification2.0”, IEEE’s P2030 “Draft Guide for Smart GridInteroperability of Energy Technology and Information TechnologyOperation with the Electric Power System (EPS), and End-UseApplications and Loads”, and the latest joint researchproject results between the world’s two largest economies, USand China. The book enables readers to fully understand the latestachievements and ongoing technical works of smart grid standards,and assist industry utilities, vendors, academia, regulators, andother smart grid stakeholders in future decision making. The book begins with an overview of the smart grid, andintroduces the opportunities in both developed and developingcountries. It then examines the standards for power griddomain of the smart grid, including standards for blackoutprevention and energy management, smart transmission, advanceddistribution management and automation, smart substationautomation, and condition monitoring. Communication and securitystandards as a whole are the backbone of smart grid and theirstandards, including those for wired and wireless communications,are then assessed. Finally the authors consider the standards andon-going work and efforts for interoperability and integrationbetween different standards and networks, including the latestjoint research effort between the world’s two largesteconomies, US and China. A fully comprehensive introduction to smart grid standards andtheir applications for developers, consumers and serviceproviders Covers all up-to-date standards of smart grid, including thekey standards from NIST, IEC, ISO ZigBee, IEEE, HomePlug, SAE, andother international and regional standardization organizations. TheAppendix summarizes all of the standards mentioned in the book Presents standards for renewable energy and smart generation,covering wind energy, solar voltaic, fuel cells, pumped storage,distributed generation, and nuclear generation standards. Standardsfor other alternative sources of energy such as geothermal energy,and bioenergy are briefly introduced Introduces the standards for smart storage and plug-in electricvehicles, including standards for distributed energy resources(DER), electric storage, and E-mobility/plug-in vehicles The book is written in an accessible style, ideal as anintroduction to the topic, yet contains sufficient detail andresearch to appeal to the more advanced and specialist reader.
Computers

Smart Buildings Digitalization

Smart Buildings Digitalization

Author: O.V. Gnana Swathika

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000537932

Category: Computers

Page: 329

View: 351

This book explains the concept of data centers, including data collection, public parking systems, smart metering, and sanitizer dispensers. Electric urban transport systems and effective electric distribution in smart cities are discussed as well. The extensive role of power electronics in smart building applications, such as electric vehicles, rooftop terracing, and renewable energy integration, is included. Case studies on automation in smart homes and commercial and official buildings are elaborated. This book describes the complete implication of smart buildings via industrial, commercial, and community platforms. FEATURES Systematically defines energy-efficient buildings employing power consumption optimization techniques with the inclusion of renewable energy sources Covers data centers and cybersecurity with excellent data storage features for smart buildings Includes systematic and detailed strategies for building air-conditioning and lighting Details smart building security propulsion This book is aimed at graduate students, researchers, and professionals in building systems engineering, architectural engineering, and electrical engineering.